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On July 7, deputies of the Legislative Chamber of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan, representatives of the Ecological Party of Uzbekistan, “Uzatom” Agency, State Atomic Energy Corporation “Rosatom” and Khokimiyat of Jizzakh region visited the selected priority site for the construction of nuclear power plants near the Tuzonkul lake of the Forish district of the Jizzakh region and held public hearings on the prospects for implementation project for the construction of a nuclear power plant.
Jurabek Mirzamakhmudov, First Deputy Minister of Energy of Uzbekistan, General Director of Uzatom, told about the prospects for the construction of nuclear power plants in Uzbekistan: “The second phase of engineering and survey work for the construction of the first nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan has begun. This site was selected based on a one-year study of all possible sites. It meets a number of criteria that are imposed for the construction of such objects. First of all, the nuclear power plant will give Uzbekistan a stable production of electricity. This is 18-18.5 billion kWh per year in the construction of two power units”.
At the hearings, it was noted that in 30 countries of the world there are units of 451 nuclear power plants (NPP). In terms of the number of units used, the developed countries are leading the United States (99), France (58), China (46), Japan (42), Russia (37), South Korea (24), India (22), Canada (19), Ukraine (15), United Kingdom (15).
The total amount of electricity produced by nuclear power plants used is 11%.
Nuclear power industry makes a great contribution to the growth of the economies of the countries that own them, the increase in GDP, and the provision of social and economic sectors with stable, clean energy.
Uzbekistan's need for electricity amounts to 69 billion kWh per year. However, the existing heat power plants and hydropower plants generate only 64 billion kWh of electricity.
Meanwhile, experts predict that by 2030 in our country the need for electricity will increase by 2 times and the demand will be 117 billion kWh.
Based on the foregoing, without the introduction of new sources of generation, the existing deficit by 2030 will amount to 48 billion kWh.
From this point of view, the construction of the first NPP in Uzbekistan is considered a promising project.
The construction and commissioning of a nuclear power plant consisting of two power units of the “3+” generation is planned in the republic, each of which has a capacity of 1.2 GW.
In order to meet the needs of the population and the country in electricity, as well as by increasing the energy-generating capacity, and on this basis of a stable energy supply, the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes and the introduction of advanced innovative technologies in this direction:
In accordance with the Decree of the President of the Republic of Uzbekistan dated July 19, 2018 No. 5484, the Nuclear Energy Development Agency (hereinafter referred to as the “Uzatom” Agency) was established under the Ministry of Energy. The Agency “Uzatom” is determined by the government body responsible for the development of a unified state policy and strategic directions for the development and use of nuclear energy.
The construction of a nuclear power plant in Uzbekistan allows solving a number of strategically significant issues:
Firstly, the NPP will allow additionally introducing 2,400 MW of electricity into the republic’s energy balance. This means 18 billion kWh of capacity per year. That is, nuclear power plants in 2030 will produce 18 percent of the total electricity.
Secondly, the construction of nuclear power plants will allow saving 3.5-3.7 billion m3 of natural gas per year, which is the raw material for thermal power plants, which can be built instead. This gas can be exported or deep processed to produce high value-added products (polyethylene, polypropylene, etc.).
At the same time, it is necessary to take into account an important aspect: the introduction of a nuclear power plant into operation prevents emissions of up to 14 million tons of CO2, anhydride carbonate and up to 36 thousand tons of harmful greenhouse gases NO2.
Based on the results of research, engineering and economic conclusions, conclusions of foreign researchers, the site next to the Tuzonkul lake in the Forish district of the Jizzakh region was chosen as the optimal site for the construction of the nuclear power plant.