You are here: Home WHAT WILL BE THE GLOBAL PROCESS CONTROL AND WASTE chemical manufacturer after 2020?
Panellists identified a number of important approaches
Fourth in April 2019 in Motevideo, Uruguay finished third meeting of the Open Ended Working Group to discuss the future of the global management of chemicals and waste management for the period after 2020.
The basis of the discussion was on the document review of the Strategic Approach to International Chemicals Management (SAICM) and the sound management of chemicals and wastes after 2020.In Russian document is available here:http://www.saicm.org/About/OEWG/OEWG3/tabid/5984/language/en-US/Default.aspx
This document consists of two sections:
- in the first section of the co-chairs rivodyatsya introductory remarks to the participants of the third meeting of the Open Ended Working Group with respect to the background and context of the document prepared
-in the second section outlines the structure of voluntary, multi-sectoral and involve many stakeholders of the agreement, the proposal for which will be forwarded for consideration at the fifth session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management on the basis of the current Strategic Approach (SAICM) and taking into account the continuity of the ongoing relevant efforts.
The second section of the paper consists of eight parts and applications are first considered the basic elements to ensure sound management of chemicals and wastes after 2020: the concept, scope, principles and approaches. The document presents five strategic goals and 20 related tasks that are deemed to apply both to the further implementation of the Strategic Approach after 2020 (so-called "SAICM 2.0") and a more advanced framework structure. In the subsequent parts of the document reviews the achievement of the stated objectives in terms of institutional mechanisms to facilitate their achievement and financial considerations mechanisms.
For three days, the country discussed two main issues:
- the creation of a broader platform for the strategic management of chemicals and waste in the period after 2020, and the process of its formation on the basis of the existing elements.
- making the necessary changes in the existing SAICM in order to ensure more effective implementation of measures related to the sound management of chemicals and wastes after 2020, as well as a more complete alignment with the Agenda for the period up to 2030 (there is in view of the Sustainable Development Goals - SDGs) .
During the meeting, non-governmental organizations took the initiative to develop a broader, global strategy and framework of the system, which will cover both voluntary agreements (namely, the SAICM 2.0), and the legally binding institutional mechanisms (namely, existing international and regional conventions on chemicals and protocols). This umbrella structure should also include a mechanism for the development and incorporation of new legally binding mechanisms on priority issues of chemical safety.
According to many non-governmental organizations, it is necessary to develop criteria for the preparation of the new legally binding agreements on the basis of initiatives by countries and other stakeholders. The decision to develop such criteria must be adopted at the upcoming Fifth International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM) in 2020. It is assumed that the criteria enable to nominate for the development of legally binding agreements on such important issues as, for example, a particularly dangerous pesticides or chemicals in the products.
All stakeholders should have the right to nominate issues for new legally binding agreements, and to provide detailed reasons for the nomination based on established criteria. Each new nomination for the preparation of a legally binding agreement must be accompanied by a description of the process of the implementation of the agreement, including expected sources of funding. The final decision about the beginning of the development of new legally binding agreements on chemicals and wastes should be taken at the ICCM sessions.
Discussing about how to make more efficient 2.0 SAICM, participants of the meeting, in particular, emphasized the importance of a legally binding preparation of national plans for the implementation of SAICM, together with the introduction of periodic reporting and evaluation of their performance. The preparation of such plans in developing countries and countries with economies in transition should be funded by international foundations and donor countries.It is assumed that the state will every three years prepare reports on the implementation of their action plans and an independent expert group will evaluate them and make recommendations. These reports could form the basis for evaluating the effectiveness of SAICM 2.0, along with the assessment of countries' needs for financing, capacity building, technical assistance and others.
According to many countries, it is important to prepare a single national action plans for all chemical conventions as yuriicheski mandatory and voluntary. Such common action plans to attract the attention of high-level officials, and would provide more funding for their implementation. In addition, the integrated action plans will ensure better coordination between ministries and agencies, will facilitate the exchange of information between them and other stakeholders working in the sound management of chemicals and wastes.
The participants discussed issues of financing for the sound management of chemicals and wastes for the period after 2020. To work effectively you need an adequate, stable and predictable funding. Non-governmental organizations pointed out that funding should include the internalization of the costs of the chemical industry at the global level. Tax 0.1% for the chemical industry will provide 5.8 billion. Dollars a year for the implementation of chemical safety.
Some countries and organizations have advocated the creation of a special fund for the implementation of SAICM 2.0, which will provide funding for smaller grants than by category of the Global Environment Facility. It is important that such a fund provided funding opportunities for all stakeholders, including civil society organizations.Special Program UNEP Finance in the field of chemicals and waste management projects, which is currently in effect, provides assistance only to governments, depriving public organizations to independently apply for grants and implement projects.
The issue was extensively discussed during the meeting about what waste is included in the new agreement for the chemicals and wastes for the period after 2020. Non-governmental organizations and many developing countries have stated that all waste should be considered in a holistic manner, taking into account that in many cases the waste associated with chemical substances included in the unsorted waste, and to avoid delaying the discussions on the definition of "waste" concepts .
Some participants of the meeting emphasized the importance of an approach based on life-cycle approach to chemicals and waste. Non-governmental organizations pointed to the need to ensure that the industry has proven its commitment to chemical safety in practice and to take all necessary measures to prevent harm from chemicals throughout their life cycle. Industry should be responsible for the associated costs and consequences in accordance with the extended producer responsibility approach and "pay the polluter".
Following the discussion, it decided to establish a contact group, which is charged with developing recommendations for SAICM 2.0 for consideration by the International Conference on Chemicals Management at its fifth session in 2020.
With respect to discussions on a broad platform for the strategic management of chemicals and waste management for the period after 2020, it decided to hold informal consultations. The aim of such exchanges of views - to understand whether there is a need for a cross-sectoral and integrated platform for international sound management of chemicals and wastes after 2020, and if so, eliminating any gaps she could do.
On the issue of the need to provide political commitment at the highest level to ensure the sound management of chemicals and wastes, some representatives of the countries supported the proposal to hold the 2020 Ministerial Conference and the adoption of the declaration at the fifth session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management or one of high-level conferences, which will take place immediately after the session.