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February 12th at the Tashkent Institute of Irrigation and Melioration held ceremony summing up the contest “The best idea for Adaptation to Global Climate Change 2012” inter students and masters of higher educational institutions of the country, organized jointly by the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan, Ministry of Higher and Secondary Special Education of the Republic of Uzbekistan, State Committee of the Republic of Uzbekistan for Nature Protection, the StateCommittee for Communication, information and telecommunication technologies, centre of HydrometeorologicalService at Cabinetof Ministers of the Republic of Uzbekistan (Uzhydromet), National Association of NGOs of Uzbekistan and Eco-Forum of NGOs of Uzbekistan with the support of the British Council in Uzbekistan and Tashkent city Committee for Nature Protection.

The goals contest is to raise awareness of future specialists in different fields to adapt to climate change; use of the creative potential of students youth in ecological problems; increase quality continuous ecological education and education for sustainable development. The statute of the contest is fixed, that the working languages of the contest are Uzbek, Karakalpak and Russian languages.

The contest attracted more than 100 students and masters of the Republic of Karakalpakstan, Andijan, Jizzakh, Kashkadarya, Namangan, Syrdarya and Fergana regions and Tashkent. Contest works have been presented in the form of projects, papers, presentations, reports, scientific publications, etc.

The International conference “Towards the 6th World Water Forum – joint action towards water security” opened in Tashkent on 12 May. It is supported by the World Water Council in the framework of the global process of preparation to the forthcoming forum, to take place in March 2012 in Marseille (France).
 
Preserving the environment and its resources, including one of the most important one – water, has acquired special urgency in the recent years. The entire international community is looking for solution of the problem of provision the population and the economy with water. According to official figures, over 1 billion people on the planet today lack access to clean water. In the future, this situation may become even more acute, because due to continuous population growth and climate changes, water shortages will only worsen.
 
The environmental challenges in Central Asia, associated with the drying Aral Sea, are known around the world. However, the bitter experience has not been a lesson for all regional countries. Attempts to implement projects with construction of giant dams on trans-border rivers, and to transfer existing and constructed hydro structures to energy mode are causing justified concerns among the majority of population in the region. Negative consequences of such actions will affect the lives of millions of people living here. Moreover, their influence is already becoming global in nature. This was emphasized by President of Uzbekistan Islam Karimov in his speech at the UN Millennium Summit in September 2010.

On 28 February 2012, a round table meeting was held in the capital of Uzbekistan devoted to the subject of “Current status of utilization of alternative and renewable energy sources in the country and development outlook”. The meeting was organized by the Chamber of Commerce and Industry, Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan and the Alternative Fuel and Energy Enterprises Association. The event was participated by enterprises and scientific institutions working in this field as well as representatives of international organizations and mass media workers.            

As highlighted during the meeting, the world reserves of natural gas and oil are depleting, attracting more attention to expanded use of renewable energy and alternative types of fuel. Experience in utilizing wind and solar energy accumulated during the recent years in Germany, US, Denmark, Holland, Japan, South Korea, China and a number of other countries is being studied carefully.           

Our country has rich opportunities for energy generation using alternative sources. The number of sunny days in a year in Uzbekistan is more than 300, and this energy can be effectively utilized. Taking into account wind diversity throughout the territory of the country’s regions boosts potential of alternative energy sources even further.

On 16-17 November 2010 in Tashkent international conference on the subject: «Transboundary ecological problems of Middle Asia: Application of international legislative mechanisms for their solution» has taken place.
Representatives of more than 60 international organizations and financial institutions, of 36 foreign states including UN, OSCE, World Bank, world Health Organization, World Wild nature Fund, International Union of Nature Protection, etc., of 32 embassies and foreign missions in Uzbekistan, famous scientists of leading world research centres and of Uzbekistan, heads of the state nature protection organizations and NGO have taken part in the conference.
Total number of Participants of conference is 250 including 110 foreign representatives.
Participants of international conference have visited and acquainted on site with crucial ecological situation in Priaralje region which turned to the zone of ecological catastrophe and bordering regions of Surkhandarya province being under effect of harmful industrial emissions from the aluminum plant on the environment and health of population.
In the course of discussion of ecological situation in Middle Asian region including transboundary consequences of erection of the big hydraulic works the participants of conference concluded that irrational use of water resources followed by the change of flow regime of Amudarya and Syrdarya rivers during the last decades was the cause of the one of the most crucial global ecological catastrophes – drying of the Aral Sea.

UNFPA’s Report Launched in Uzbekistan Looks at People and Possibilities in a World of 7 Billion Tashkent, 15 November 2011—United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) launches its flagship report, The State of World Population 2011. This year’s Report highlights an important milestone of the world reaching 7 billion people that was marked globally in October 2011. “With planning and the right investments in people now—to empower them to make choices that are not only good for themselves, but also for our global commons—our world of 7 billion can have thriving sustainable cities, productive labour forces that fuel economies, and youth populations that contribute to the well-being of their societies,” says UNFPA Executive Director Dr. Babatunde Osotimehin in the foreword of the report, entitled People and Possibilities in a World of 7 Billion.  Globally, population has doubled since 1968 and grown by almost 40 per cent since reaching 5 billion in 1987, an event that led to the first World Population Day. Growth will continue at least until mid-century despite dramatic declines in the average number of children per woman, according to the UN Population Division.

 Individual decisions determine global population growth. However, some 215 million women in developing countries lack access to effective family planning.  Working to ensure that every child is wanted and every childbirth is safe will lead to smaller and stronger families and more opportunities for women. People under 25 make up 43 per cent of the world’s population, but the percentage reaches 60 per cent in the least-developed countries. When young people can claim their right to health, education and decent working conditions, they become a powerful force for economic development and positive change.

On Monday 5th July 2010, a rally took place in the territory of rural gathering of citizens "Telpakchinor" of Uzun area, Surkhandarya region. Local residents and members of the public of the Uzun area, the activists of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan; representatives of the Local Women’s Committee, “Kamolot” (a public youth movement of Uzbekistan), regional offices of funds “Mahalla”, “Sog’lom avlod uchun”, the Regional Information and Analytical Centre of IICS, as well as specialists for the Regional Committee for Nature Protection, Uzun Region Medical Association and various other institutes with a common interest participated at this  rally.
One of the purposes of this event was to speak out about the problems of the impact of pollutants emitted by a State Unitary Enterprise “Tajik Aluminum Company (SUE Talko)”, which is causing environmental and health problems to the northern areas of Surkhandarya region, namely Sariasiya, Uzun, Denau, Altinsay. Another key feature of the rally was to attract a global audience, as well as the Tajikistan government to this problem.
Speakers at the rally, namely residents of mahalla "Telpakchinor” and other gatherings of citizens, medical workers, representatives of Ecomovement talked about the need to inform international organizations, as well as the government of neighboring Tajikistan of recent Content of Appeal, of March, 2010, signed by 160,000 inhabitants of the region asking for the adoption of concrete measures for Tajikistan to cease the negative emissions from the aluminum production, which have causing health problems to the inhabitants at the border of Uzbekistan
Teacher, Shamsiddin Niyozov appealed in Tajik to the government of Tajikistan to stop the further aggravation of the ecological situation of the region asking specifically for there to be improvement.

Your Excellency,
 
We have been induced to address you with this letter because of the ambiguous statements of the Member of the European Parliament Mr. Stevenson regarding the construction of the Rogun HPS (HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION) in Tajikistan. On behalf of European Parliament he repeatedly acted through Tajik’s Mass Media in favor of implementation of this rather disputable hydropower project in the riverhead of Amu- Darya.
 
Owing to the rash policy of the former Soviet mode on regulation of natural drain of the most ancient rivers of Central Asia – Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya by building the range of hydroelectric complexes in 70-th -80-th of the last century, we started to witness the disappearance of one of the largest closed reservoirs in the world - Aral Sea. Civilization has not faced such case during its history yet: perishing of the whole sea in front of eyes of one generation!
Inhabitants of the Aral Sea area are seriously concerned by possibility of the further aggravation of environmental condition in our region owing to building of new enormous dams with HPS (HYDROELECTRIC POWER STATION) on the upper-streams of two great rivers.  The construction of Rogun HPS with its enormous dam of height 335 m. site pertains to the number of such disputable projects. Building of the given object and its exploitation in a power mode will lead to sharp deterioration of maintenance of potable water in the river basin of Amu-Darya. As a result about 18 million people will suffer from deficiency of water in the lower reaches of the river, the environmental and socioeconomic situation in the Aral Sea area will sharply impact. 

On 6th July, 2010 in the rural citizens' gathering "Joncheka" of Uzun area of  Surkhandarya region, near the border post "Chumchukli jar", around the border with Tajikistan held a rally and picket. They were organized by local residents who a day before participated in the rally within the park of makhalla "Telpakchinor" devoted to the impact of SUE TALKO on the environment and health of the northern areas. Residents of the rural citizens' gathering "Joncheka" of Uzun area are first affected by the negative impact of emissions of hydrogen fluoride from the pipes of TALKO as they live closer than anyone from the plant.
It all started with a spontaneous gathering of residents of neighboring makhallas at the building of Agricultural College, where the talks have been given by a resident of a nearby makhalla Uktam Yuldashev, chairman of citizens' gathering "Joncheka" - Khurram Eshboev, a retired Ahmad Muhammad, a young researcher Muattar Hudaykulova and others. The assembled without hesitation supported the suggestion of speakers to arrange a picket at the border crossing "Chumchukli jar" on the border of two states.
More than 300 people gathered at the college moved to the border post, unfolding posters and banners with the slogans "Damage to nature - harm to future generation!" "Do not put your interests above the people's health!" "We do not let poison our children!” The purpose of their action was to attempt once again to draw the attention of the authorities of the neighboring state and international organizations to the impacts of industrial pollution the atmosphere of the region by Tajik aluminum plant.

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