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In compliance with the resolution of the Central Election Commission the election of members of the Senate of the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan is to take place on 13-14 January, 2015.

 The Law ‘On Election to the Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan’ provides the election of senators in equal numbers – six persons that represent the Republic of Karakalpakstan, the regions and the capital city. The elections are to be held in a secret ballot procedure in joint sessions of deputies of representative agencies of the state power in regions, cities and districts from among those deputies.

 Another 16 members of the Senate will be appointed by the President of Uzbekistan from among sophisticated citizens with rich working experience and special merits in science, literature, arts, production and other spheres of state and public activities.

Ammonia emissions into the air is a major threat to human health, causing cardiovascular and respiratory diseases. Atmospheric ammonia is also a significant source of acidification and excess nutrient loading, causing loss of biodiversity in many of the most vulnerable ecosystems. This calls for stronger action to reduce emissions.

Ammonia or NH3 mainly comes from manure produced by livestock and from mineral nitrogen fertilizers. In 2012, the agricultural sector accounted for 88.4 per cent of the total ammonia emissions in the UNECE region (excluding Canada and the United States). It is therefore a major contributor to air pollution. The issue is not a new one — a 30 per cent decrease in ammonia emissions has already been achieved since 1990 — but more needs to be done.

On 11 December, Parties to the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Transboundary Air Pollution adopted a new “Ammonia Framework Code” to help countries reduce ammonia emissions from agriculture.

The UNECE Executive Secretary Christian Friis Bach hopes that this will provide new impetus for emission reduction measures in the agricultural sector, and create a wider understanding of the benefits of reducing ammonia and nitrogen for human health and the environment. “Air Pollution is the number one health problem in our region and in the world today”, he noted, “All countries and all economic sectors must take their responsibilities to ensure better air quality.”

In Uzbekistan, the elections in the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis, regional, district and city Kengashes (Council) of people's deputies took place on 21 December.

 The Chairman of the Central Election Commission of the Republic of Uzbekistan M.Abdusalomov speaking at a press briefing held for local and foreign media on 22 December noted that parliamentary elections became an important stage in the process of further democratization of the society, as well as renewal and modernization of the country.

 The representatives of domestic and foreign media, foreign and international observers were informed that, according to preliminary data, the election was attended by more than 18.4 million voters, representing 89 percent of the total number of voters included in the lists. And at the same time, 8,311 voters exercised their right to early voting.

Peru's capital, Lima completed the UN climate conference. According to Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, the decisions taken in Lima, paving the way for a global agreement on climate. Countries should adopt the document at the end of next year in Paris.
"The Secretary-General calls on all parties to proceed to the next meeting, in February next year, to substantive negotiations on the preliminary text of the agreement, which was able to develop at the conference," - said in a statement, Press Secretary of the United Nations.
Ban Ki-moon called on the parties as soon as possible to make a rough draft agreement proposals and commitments to fight global warming. First of all, it concerns the world's largest economies.
The statement also said that the conference in Lima was able to fill the Green Climate Fund of the United Nations. In general, the Foundation received or will soon receive more than $10 billion.
UN Green Climate Fund is intended to assist developing countries in adapting to climate change.

On the 21st of December, 2014 the Conference of the Ecological Movement of Uzbekistan for nomination of candidates for deputies to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis of the Republic of Uzbekistan and election was held in Tashkent.

The conference was attended by 350 delegates elected in 25 delegates from each political subdivision: the Republic of Karakalpakstan, regional and Tashkent city territorial branches of Ecomovement, – as well as representatives of the Central Election Commission, mass media, and national and international observers.

The delegates were elected on a competitive basis by secret ballot from among participants of the territorial conferences of Ecomovement, held in period from the 11th of October to the 15th of November 2014, in accordance with Regulations on the nomination of Ecomovement candidates for deputies to the Legislative Chamber of Oliy Majlis and election procedures approved by the Central Election Commission September 17, 2009.

Ural speleologists in collaboration with the National Geographic Channel filmed a movie about mountain caves array Hodja-Gur-Gur-ata in Uzbekistan.

Scientists have recently returned from long expedition to Uzbekistan, where he explored the network of mountain caves array Hodge-Gur Gur-ata.

They filmed all their work, and after all the material dedicated to caving gathered in a single picture. The tape was filmed in collaboration with the channel National Geographic, and the footage is really impressive. The film is dedicated to the 30th anniversary of this study massif.

In Central Asia there are most attractive karst mountainous regions of speleological research. In the 80th years it was conducted extensive and successful research in the area, which gradually ceased for many years due to changes in the political situation, reports

The main directions of work has focused on the cave “Festivalnaya” (-625, 16 km) and the cave Dark Star. Cave Dark Star was partially studied by English cavers in 1990-1991. Both caves have great potential, the inputs are located at an altitude of about 3700 m, and the karst base level determines the source of Machala at an altitude of 1400 m.

Team of NASA and scientists from the universities found increased presence of methane in the Martian atmosphere, which indicates the presence of either life or geological features.

Nasa's Curiosity rover has detected methane on Mars - a gas that could hint at past or present life on the planet.

The robot sees very low-level amounts constantly in the background, but it also has monitored a number of short-lived spikes that are 10 times higher.

Methane on the Red Planet is intriguing because here on Earth, 95% of the gas comes from microbial organisms.

Researchers have hung on to the hope that the molecule's signature at Mars might also indicate a life presence.

The Curiosity team cannot identify the source of its methane, but the leading candidate is underground stores that are periodically disturbed.

The question remains, of course, of how the methane (CH4) got into the clathrate stores in the first place.

In Uzbekistan it is planned a construction of a radio astronomy observatory.

As part of this project it is planned construction in Uzbekistan International Radio Astronomy Observatory "Suffa", reports the words of President of Russia.

The observatory will be equipped with the largest radio telescope "RT-70", which will allow unique research near and far space and in the field of space communications.

Speaking of applied problems RT-70 can be used to predict earthquakes, tectonic plate movement track, create high-precision coordinate system.

Radiotelescope will operate in two modes - in the range of 7-10 mm, as well as throughout the millimeter range. This range exactly used for studies related to the mysterious dark matter and cosmological research is widely.